Alice Paul (1885- 1977) co-founded the National Women’s Party, after breaking away from the National American Women’s Suffrage Association. She used different and unique tactics that made a huge impact towards the women’s suffrage movement. She was the final push before the nineteenth amendment was passed. After women got the right to vote, she worked on pushing through the Equal Rights Amendment.
Alice Paul returned to United States and immediately joined the National American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA). When she was unsatisfied with the performances of the NAWSA, Paul and Lucy Stone broke away from them and founded the National Woman’s Party (NWP) in 1916. They used different tactics such as picketing, getting arrested, going on a hunger strike, and targeting political powers in Washington D.C, especially President Wilson’s Administration.
When Alice Paul lived in London (1906-1909), she was politically active and joined the radical British suffrage movement. Her tactics resulted in her arrest for several occasions, and when she was in jail she went on hunger strikes.
1901 (HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA): Hicksite SchooL – top of the class
1905 (B.A IN BIOLOGY): Swarthmore College
1907 (M.A IN SOCIOLOGY): University of Pennsylvania
1912 (PH.D IN ECONOMICS): University of Pennsylvania
1922 (LL.B): Washington College of Law
1927 (LL.M): American University
1928 (D.C.L): American University
Awards and Recognitions:
Alice Paul Women’s Suffrage Congressional Gold Medal Act – Officially recognizes Alice Paul’s role in the women’s suffrage movement
- Introduced the United States to non-violent civil disobedience as a nationwide political strategy.
- Organized the picket in front of the White House in support of Women’s Suffrage.
- Co-founded the National’s Women Party
- Organized the World Woman’s Party to campaign for gender equality internationally.
- Author of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1923 (worked on it for the remainder of her life)